Not all RVs are a great choice for navigating tight city streets, small parking lots, or even certain areas in national parks. This is why many Class A RV owners choose to tow a smaller vehicle (often referred to as a “dinghy” or a “towed car” or just a “toad”) behind their RV. If you want to flat-tow a car when you travel, you’ll need an RV tow bar.
Keep in mind that while flat-towing (also known as 4-down towing… as in all four wheels on the ground) is the ideal towing method for many RVers, it’s not the right choice for everyone and isn’t even possible with many cars. You can see information about all of the common options for bringing a car along with you in this article: Everything You Need to Know About Towing a Car Behind an RV
Let’s take a look at what an RV tow bar is, how it works, and how to connect and disconnect one.
TO SEE EXACTLY HOW TO CONNECT AND DISCONNECT, CHECK OUT THE VIDEO ABOVE!
What Are RV Tow Bars?
An RV tow bar is a critical piece of any plan to flat-tow a vehicle behind an RV because it’s what connects the front of the toad to the rear of the RV.
“Flat-towing” is a term used to describe towing a vehicle with all four wheels on the ground. It’s an increasingly popular way to pull a car behind an RV, and the specialized equipment involved in the process is time-tested and dependable.
The best long-term advantage to an RV tow bar? Once installed, it offers the simplest, fastest way to hook and unhook a vehicle to the back of your RV for towing. And it also takes up virtually no additional space at the campsite.
How Do RV Tow Bars Work?
RV tow bars come in various designs, but all incorporate a steel or aluminum bar that connects to the back of the RV’s frame, typically attaching to a standard 2″ trailer hitch receiver. That type of receiver is very common on RVs, but can easily be added as an aftermarket add-on if your RV doesn’t already have one. That’s one end of the system.
From there, two pivoting arms link to the front of the vehicle you’re towing. Since cars don’t come from the factory with tow bar connection points on the front, a special “base plate” needs to be installed into the front of the car. Safety cables, a system to control the car’s brakes, and connections to the car’s lighting complete the package.
The arms pivot as the RV goes around corners, allowing the toad to smoothly follow the RV like a trailer.
What You Need to Flat Tow a Car
As mentioned, the RV must have a hitch receiver in the rear, and the towed vehicle requires a base plate up front to allow the tow bar to connect to it.
The tow bar itself sits between the dinghy vehicle and the RV. One end mounts to the RV’s trailer hitch receiver, and the other end attaches to the dinghy’s base plate.
Also important to the setup are safety or “breakaway” cables that criss-cross under the tow bar. These ensure that the tow bar and the toad remain contained even if it detaches from the RV somehow, providing you with a secure backup connection. When a quality tow bar is installed and used correctly, a breakaway is very unlikely.
And finally, you’ll need the appropriate wiring and supplemental braking system. This safety feature will illuminate the toad’s brake/tail/turn lights in tandem with the RV’s lights. Our system also includes a special cable that will automatically activate the car’s brakes in the unlikely event of a breakaway.
All of this equipment must align properly with the towing capacity of your RV’s hitch receiver and the GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating), which is the maximum weight of your entire RV, the weight of the vehicle you’re towing, and everything contained in both vehicles. The GCWR can be found on a placard, usually located near the driver’s seat.
How to Hook Up Your Car to Your RV Tow Bar
With the right equipment in hand, you’re ready to hook up your vehicle. Here’s what you need to know:
Park on a Level Surface Whenever Possible
The easiest place to hook up a tow bar is on a level surface. Park your RV in the most level location available, leaving plenty of space behind the RV for your dinghy vehicle to pull up behind it.
Pull Up Behind the RV, as Straight as Possible with the RV Tow Bar
When you drive your toad to line it up behind your RV, be sure to situate the car as straight as possible behind the RV. Once the two are in a straight line, pull up close enough for the tow bar to reach the front of the car, but not so close that there isn’t room to connect it. Until you get some practice, having a helper guide you can save a lot of trial and error. Once lined up, put your toad vehicle in park, and engage the emergency brake.
Attach and Secure the RV Tow Bar Arms
Connect the tow bar arms to the attachment points on the base plate at the front of your toad, securing each arm to the appropriate connection on each side. Always insert the pins from the inside facing out. That’s because the geometry of the towbar will try to work the pins outward while the vehicle is in motion. So, in the unlikely event a locking clip comes loose (or you accidentally forget to install it when connecting the car), the pin won’t fall out. If this tip isn’t clear, watch the video above for a visual explanation of this important safety tip.
Attach Safety Cables and Breakway Cable
Connect the safety cables from the RV to the toad’s base plate connections. Criss-cross the cables once under the tow bar, and make sure they’re not dragging on the ground. Also, be sure to connect your breakaway cable, which automatically activates the brakes in the unlikely event the car separates from the tow bar or the tow bar separates from the RV. Any other connections should be attached as well, such as an air line if you have an air-activated braking system that connects to the RV air system.
Plug in the Wiring Harness
Connect the electrical umbilical that carries the signals for lighting and braking functions, which should synchronize the brake, tail, and turn signal lights of both vehicles. Depending on your setup, this may also trigger the auxiliary braking system in the toad whenever the brakes are applied in the RV.
As part of your overall pre-trip inspection, always test the lights before you drive away.
Make Sure the RV Tow Bar Latches are Engaged
Back your toad up, or pull your RV forward, very slowly to establish that at least one of the two tow bar latches is locked. If you’re lined up perfectly, both arms may lock, but it’s only necessary to lock one. If both arms lock, that’s great, but if only one locks, be sure that when you’re ready to drive away in the RV, you start off slowly until the second arm locks. You’ll either feel it lock (a “bump” as you pull forward) or see it happen in your backup camera if you have one.
Prepare the Tow Car for Towing
The steps needed to ensure your towed car is properly prepared to be flat-towed will vary by year, make and model. Be sure you follow the specific instructions in your car’s owner’s manual.
Generally, you’ll want to ensure the car’s steering remains unlocked (often by inserting the key into the ignition and turning it to “ACC” and then back, and then leaving the key in the ignition) and that the wheels will turn freely. In many you’ll need to accomplish that by putting the transmission in Neutral… but in a step that seems to defy logic, some cars actually require putting the transmission into Park!!
Read your owner’s manual and confirm that your car is approved, and properly set up, for flat towing. Of course, the parking brake needs to be off in all towed vehicles.
RV Tow Bar Binding: What is it?
If you don’t have a non-binding tow bar, like our Roadmaster, tow bar binding can happen when trying to disconnect. It’s most common when the two vehicles aren’t perfectly straight or when parked on a downhill slope when you want to disconnect. The weight of the toad pressing toward the RV can make it very difficult, or nearly impossible, to release the RV tow bar latches.
How to Prevent RV Tow Bar Binding
To prevent binding, try to park on a level surface with the RV and toad as straight as possible. When that’s not practical, you can try putting the toad in reverse and pulling back hard against the tow bar while a helper tries to release the latches. We share some additional visual tips in the video above.
You can also choose to use a non-binding tow bar like our Nighthawk, which comes with Roadmaster’s “Freedom Latches” (and rows of LED lights for added safety and visibility!) that prevent binding under virtually any condition. With this type of tow bar, you’re unlikely to encounter tow bar binding. Ever. Many Roadmaster tow bars use these same patented latches.
There’s even a special package you can get if you order a Nighthawk towbar direct from the Roadmaster factory.
The Roadmaster Nighthawk is our favorite RV tow bar. The non-binding latches ensure you'll have an easy time disconnecting, no matter how the RV and tow car are positioned. Longer arms make...Show More
The Roadmaster Nighthawk is our favorite RV tow bar. The non-binding latches ensure you'll have an easy time disconnecting, no matter how the RV and tow car are positioned. Longer arms make connecting and disconnecting easier. And the LED lights along the arms improve safety and visibility when towing!
Call Roadmaster at (800) 669-9690 to order your Nighthawk tow bar factory direct and tell them you want “The RVgeeks Package”. You'll receive a FREE Tow Bar Cover & Hitch Receiver Lock to keep your new Nighthawk secure and looking great. Free Shipping is also included!Show Less
Enjoy the Convenience of RV Tow Bars
An RV tow bar is a fantastic invention for RVers. It means you don’t have to break camp and drive a behemoth of a vehicle for a quick run to explore a national park, head out for a meal, or pick up groceries. And you don’t need to find room for a dolly or trailer at your campsite. Not to mention that there’s no faster way to connect or disconnect a toad (check out the end of our video above for a real-time demonstration with a timer running)!
Oh, and don’t worry… modern cars, with electronic odometers, don’t accumulate miles while being flat-towed since the car’s electronics aren’t powered up while it’s being towed! ????
With a tow bar and “dinghy” along, you’ll have the best of both worlds – a motorhome for living comfortably on the road, with small, convenient (more fuel efficient?) everyday transportation in tow. Perfect!
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