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No, you shouldn’t smell your RV toilet. That’s not normal. While an RV toilet doesn’t work in quite the same way as a toilet in a sticks & bricks house, that doesn’t mean it should smell. So, if your RV toilet stinks, it’s time to learn how to eliminate RV toilet odors.

How Does an RV Toilet Work?

This is actually a mystery to people who’ve never traveled in an RV. How an RV toilet operates, flushes, and where the “stuff” goes are burning questions in the minds of non-RVers everywhere.

Okay, so maybe that’s a tad dramatic but, in truth, RVers are asked questions about how their RV toilet works all the time.

There are actually a few different types of RV toilets, and you can learn more about each of them in our post called “The RV Toilet Talk” (or you can watch the video embedded here):

For the purposes of today’s post, however, we’re talking about a traditional gravity flush RV toilet that uses water to flush waste into a holding tank.

A gravity flush toilet looks very similar to the toilet you’d be likely to find in a home. There are some functional differences though.

First, a gravity flush RV toilet has very little water in the bowl – usually just enough to cover the seal. It also most often has a foot pedal for flushing (some RV toilets may have a push-button flushing mechanism, though this is less common). Either way, a very small amount of water stays in the toilet bowl after flushing, covering the closed valve/flap and helping to create a seal to keep odors in the black tank.

When you flush a gravity flush RV toilet by depressing the foot pedal, the flap opens and the contents of the toilet drop into a holding tank that sits beneath it. This is your RV black water tank or wastewater tank.

When you depress the foot pedal, a valve is opened that allows water to enter the toilet bowl, helping to rinse down the sides of the bowl to leave it fresh and ready for use.

The sewage collects in your black tank, and the tank eventually needs to be emptied, as shown in our “RV Holding Tank Dumping 1-2-3” video:

Why Does My RV Toilet Stink?

Let’s reiterate… your RV toilet shouldn’t emit much, if any, smell at all. If your RV toilet stinks, you’ve got an issue to resolve related to any one of several components in your rig.

Let’s take a look at each of the possible reasons why your RV toilet might stink, and how to resolve each to eliminate those nasty RV toilet odors.

The toilet bowl seal/gasket is no longer sealing properly.

If this is your problem, it’s very likely that your RV toilet bowl isn’t holding water as it once did.

The water that’s retained in the bottom of the bowl is key to helping seal out any odors from your black tank. If your RV toilet doesn’t retain that small puddle of water in the bowl between flushes, then the toilet seal/flap seal is leaking. This can happen if the seal dries out or with age.

If your RV toilet stinks most right down inside the bowl itself, and there’s no water in the bottom of the bowl, you’re actually smelling the black tank right up through the toilet.

If the seal is no longer holding water in the bowl properly, it may need to be replaced, though you can try lubricating the seal with a bit of plumber’s grease (non-petroleum base) or a product like this:

Thetford RV Toilet Seal Lube and Conditioner - Toilet Seal Lubricant - 24 oz 36663
  • [VERSATILITY]: Thetford's RV Toilet Seal Lube & Conditioner works with all permanent or portable toilets found in RVs and boats
  • [FUNCTIONALITY]: Penetrates the toilet seal, lubricating and protecting

How to eliminate the RV toilet odor:

If this seal appears to be the most likely culprit, you can replace the seal as a DIY project on most RV toilets. Be sure to purchase the seal that works with your particular make/model of RV toilet.

385311462 RV Toilet Rubber Bowl Leak Seal Kit Replace For Dometic Compatible For Dometic / Sealand / Mansfield / VacuFlush and Travel Trailer RV Camper Toilet
  • Compatible For:This Toilet Seal Kit Fit For Dometic/Sealand/Mansfield/VacuFlush and Travel Trailer RV Camper Toilet
  • Replace for Dometic 385311462 and 385316140.

The toilet flange seal is no longer sealing properly.

Just like the toilet in a sticks & bricks house, your RV toilet has a floor flange seal that sits between the floor and your RV toilet’s pedestal. It could either be a wax seal or a rubber seal. Either way, it can eventually age and thus fail to seal properly. If that’s happened to your toilet, this could be the source of your RV toilet odor.

How to eliminate the odor:

Replace the toilet flange seal. Be sure to buy the correct toilet flange seal for your RV toilet. If you need them, you can get detailed instructions on how to remove and replace your existing RV toilet flange seal.

The black tank vent pipe is blocked.

Proper airflow up and out through your RV’s black tank vent pipe is important to helping to ensure odors don’t enter your RV. When functioning properly, the black tank vent should help to create a flow of air up and out onto the roof, so that when you flush the toilet, air will tend to flow down into the tank and not back up and out. But if the vent pipe is blocked you could experience sewage odors inside (or outside) your RV.

Your RV’s black tank vent pipe can become clogged by debris that has fallen from trees, etc., or by a nest made by bees or other insects (not at all unusual).

How to eliminate the odor:

If your vent pipe is clogged, you’ll need to head up to your RV’s roof to see what’s what. You should be able to dislodge most clogs by removing the vent cap and using a brush or wire to clean out the vent stack.

Be cautious here – it’s possible that bees have made a nest in this area and you don’t want to be up on a ladder angering a nest full of bees!

Another possible issue related to your black tank’s vent pipe is that the vent pipe cover/cap may be a design that causes it to channel wind/air down and into the tank, pressurizing it so the odor is entering the RV.

The solution to this is to replace the vent pipe cover/cap with a 360 Siphon Vent to ensure that any outside air movement/wind is creating airflow up and out of the tank, instead of down and into it.

Lippert Components 389381 360 Siphon Roof Vent Cap - White (Gen 2)
  • Eliminates Odor - Exhausts Odors Out The Roof Vent Before They Have A Chance To Invade Your Rv
  • Compatibility - Engineered For A Universal Fit, The 360 Siphon Is Compatible With All Rv Vent Caps

The sewer pipe/hose is leaking.

If your sewer hose is leaking, you’ll definitely smell sewage. You’ll either find this out when you’re at a dump station, or you’ll smell the sewage when you’re connected to a full hook-up at a campground or RV park.

You’ll know that this is your issue if you notice the smell when you’re outside the RV more than in. Or if you can tell it’s coming in an open window on the sewer hook-up side of your RV. Either way, if this is your issue it needs to be rectified immediately.

How to eliminate the RV toilet odor:

Replace the sewer hose. It’s best to buy a high-quality sewer hose to prevent leaks and messy perforations from occurring. No one wants to deal with a leaking sewer hose! We’ve got a post on the best RV sewer hoses, and here’s the sewer hose that we’ve been using for our almost 20 years on the road:


If you need to replace your sewer hose, be sure to check out our post on how to set up a new sewer hose the easy way!

The black tank is cracked/leaking.

Here again, if your black tank is cracked or leaking, you’ll likely find the strongest smell of sewage outside your RV, though on any RV where the holding tanks are enclosed within the structure of the rig, that odor could easily find its way inside, too.

How to eliminate the odor:

The only way to deal with this issue is to have the black tank repaired. You may be able to undertake this atrocious unpopular task depending on the location and extent of the damage, or it may require a professional repair.

Small cracks/leaks may be repairable (at least temporarily) with Eternabond tape or a plastic-weld epoxy. But, depending on where the crack/leak is located, you may need to remove the entire tank to get to it… at which point, it may be best to replace the whole thing (if available).

The black tank is clogged.

If your black tank is clogged, you may start to experience RV toilet odors inside your RV. Improper draining when dumping can result in the accumulation of solid matter in the tank. AS that material increases in volume, the odor emanating from it is likely to increase, too.

How to eliminate the RV toilet odor:

If this is your issue, you’ll need to tend to the task of thoroughly dumping and cleaning your RV black tank right away.

If you’re so equipped, you’ll also want to use your RV black tank flush to clean everything out as thoroughly as possible. If cleaning out your own black tank doesn’t do the trick, you may need to have what we call an RV Colonoscopy performed!

The weather is very hot.

Very hot weather can increase the rate of growth of odor-causing bacteria in an RV black tank. The more bacteria there is to digest, the more gasses are produced. Increased gas production means more odor. During hot weather is the most common time for RVers to say “My RV toilet stinks!” even if they don’t normally experience the problem.

How to eliminate the odor:

The best way to address odors from hot weather (and just generally) is to use a really good holding tank treatment to break down the waste in both the black and gray tanks. This keeps your holding tanks cleaner and running smoothly.

One scoop in the black tank and one in the gray tank are typically all you need. But if temperatures in your area are very high, you may want to use a second dose.

There is a variety of holding tank treatment products on the market, but after a couple of decades of full-timing, our favorite product to use is a non-chemical organic treatment called Happy Campers.

HAPPY CAMPERS RV Holding Tank Treatment - 18 Treatments
  • Not for Sale or Shipping to California.
  • ODOR FREE: absolutely no sewer smell

The original Happy Campers, when used on a regular basis, really does help to keep significant issues at bay, but Happy Campers also makes an “extreme” treatment product for deeper cleaning.

If you’re having issues with odor and with your tank sensors not working well, you may want to consider trying this treatment.

HAPPY CAMPERS Extreme Cleaner RV & Marine Extreme Tank & Sensor Cleaner
  • SENSORS: Restore poor working sensors

Bonus Tip: If your tank sensors aren’t working well, here are four ways to clean your RV tank sensors.

You’re leaving the roof vent fan on when flushing the toilet.

If your RV toilet stinks only when you flush it, this might be the problem… If your RV is equipped with a vent fan in the same room as the toilet, leaving it open & running when you flush the toilet can be a problem. That fan may be able to overcome your blank tank vent’s ability to create an updraft out of the tank… so, instead of air naturally tending to go DOWN the toilet as you flush, the running vent fan may be suctioning air (and odor) UP and OUT of the tank. If this is the issue, you’ll know it right away… as you’ll likely get quite a nose full when you flush.

How to eliminate the RV toilet odor:

Simple. Don’t do that. 😊🤭😅💩

How Should I Clean My RV Toilet?

Regularly and thoroughly! However, you want to avoid using harsh or abrasive cleaners on your RV toilet. These can damage the bowl, blade valve, and seal – none of which you want to do.

You can use equal parts vinegar & water, or a dedicated RV toilet bowl cleaner like these:

Unique RV Toilet Bowl Cleaner and Black Holding Tank Enhancer Liquid 24 oz. - 41F-1az
  • Cleans RV toilet bowls. Specifically designed for RV and marine toilets. Cleans your toilet bowl without compromising the break-down process in your...
  • Removed tough stains, toilet bowl rings and urine smells from plastic, ceramic, and porcelain toilet bowls. Won’t damage seals or valves. Helps...
Dometic D1112002 3 N 1 Bowl Cleaner & Tank Treatment 24ct.
  • Air-freshening lavender scent
  • Rapidly dissolving packs release effervescent cleaner action

We answer all your questions about cleaning your RV toilet, including “Can I use household toilet bowl cleaner in my RV toilet?” in a post dedicated to exactly that.

Enjoy Your Stink-Free RV Toilet!

Now that you’ve identified (and resolved!) the source of the odor causing your RV toilet to stink, you can get back to having fun and won’t be embarrassed when guests visit you on board your rig. We hope these tips enable you to banish the words “My RV toilet stinks!” from your vocabulary permanently!

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Sometimes we receive products for evaluation at no cost and may use affiliate links to the products and services from which we earn commissions. For example, as an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases. That said, it's important to us to let you know that our opinions are our own. We only recommend products we believe deliver real value and that we can confidently recommend without reservation. You also won’t pay an extra penny by using our links. Thanks so much for supporting RVgeeks as we work to create helpful RVing-related content that we hope enhances your RVing life!

Even though we're handy RVers, we're not professional technicians. So although we're happy with the techniques and products we use, you should be sure to confirm that all methods and materials are compatible with your equipment and abilities. Regardless of what we recommend, consult a professional if you're unsure about working on your RV. Any task you perform or product you purchase based on any information we provide is strictly at your own risk.

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