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What Is an RV Furnace Sail Switch?

What Is an RV Furnace Sail Switch?

A propane furnace is a fantastic thing to have in an RV – as long as it’s working. When it’s working properly, you turn up the thermostat and a few seconds later, heat is moving through the heating ducts and warming your RV’s living space, just like the furnace in any home. But, between the turning up of the thermostat and the heat flowing through the RV a series of events occurs that not only creates heat for your rig but also protects you from any harm that could come from the combination of a flame and some propane. This includes two safety switches – the sail switch, and the high-limit switch. In today’s post, we’re taking a closer look at the RV furnace sail switch – what it does, how it works, how you’ll know if it needs cleaning or replacement, and how to do it.

Let’s go!

How Does an RV Propane Furnace Work?

An RV propane furnace is a forced-hot-air system that requires a thermostat, a control board, a relay, a blower motor, sail switch, high-level switch, ignitor, and some ductwork.

To activate the system, you set the thermostat higher than the RV’s current temperature, which activates the blower motor. A propane burner generates heat, and air drawn in from the interior of the RV is blown past a heat exchanging surface. As it passes by that surface it becomes heated and is then distributed throughout the RV through the ducts.

12V electricity is required to turn on the furnace and to operate the fans.

The exhaust gases created by the combustion process are vented to the outside of the RV through vents that look something like this:

The furnace vents on the exterior of our Newmar Mountain Aire.

These are the Suburban furnace vents on the exterior of our Newmar Mountain Aire. If you have an Atwood or Dometic RV furnace, your vents make look a bit different.

What Is a Sail Switch?

The sail switch is the first of two safety switches in the system. It exists to prevent the furnace from even trying to ignite if the blower fan can’t run at the proper speed. This can happen under certain circumstances, including if your RV’s house battery bank is discharged too low to run the fan at full speed.

The sail switch senses when the blower motor’s fan is moving air at the proper speed. If the switch does NOT sense proper fan speed, the furnace won’t fire. And that’s a good thing!

Your sail switch is an important part of your RV propane furnace because it tells you that something isn’t right, AND it doesn’t allow the flow of propane (required for the furnace to light) under circumstances that aren’t optimal. If the sail switch doesn’t sense that the blower fan is running at the proper speed, the propane valve won’t open.

It’s important to know that your RV furnace has to confirm two things before it can ignite. The first is that the blower fan is running at the proper speed, and this proof is made by the sail switch.

The second thing your furnace has to determine in order to ignite is that its high-temperature limit switch, (sometimes referred to as the “furnace plenum thermostat”), hasn’t been tripped. This safety switch will cut the propane supply if the burner temp exceeds safe levels.

Essentially, 12V electricity will not make it to the control circuit to ignite the furnace unless both of these switches respond appropriately when the furnace is turned on.

Where Is the Sail Switch Located on an RV Furnace?

The sail switch is located in the duct where it overrides the gas valve of the burner. If you have an access panel for your RV’s furnace giving you access from the outside wall of the RV, the sail switch is easiest to access and remove for cleaning or replacement.

The following wiring diagram gives you an overview of the location of the sail switch and all other components of an RV furnace, as well as the path the circuit takes to drive the heat. This diagram happens to be for an Atwood/Dometic furnace, but placement should be similar on a Suburban furnace.

The wiring schematic for an Atwood/Dometic RV furnace. (Diagram and photo credit: Atwood/Dometic)

The diagram offers an overview of the components of an RV furnace, as well as the path the circuit takes to drive the heat. This diagram happens to be for an Atwood/Dometic furnace, but placement should be similar on a Suburban furnace. (Diagram and photo credits: Atwood/Dometic)

This is what a sail switch looks like – as you can see, the sail switches for Atwood, Suburban, and Dometic RV furnaces are all very similar:

36680 Sail Switch Designed for RV Camper Replacement Hydro Flame(Pack of 1)
  • When your would run normally, if you hear the igniter begin to fire, then the furnace would light, then immediately go out.Maybe you can consider the...
  • This sail switch designed for rv and campers heater furnace fault use.
Dometic 33082 Svc Df Sail Sw W/Brkt M/L Kit
  • Item Package Dimension: 6.2L x 3.8W x 3.8H inches
  • Item Package Weight - 0.20 Pounds

If you need to replace the sail switch in your RV furnace, be sure to consult your owner’s manual to make sure you’re ordering the appropriate switch for your furnace.

For additional information on how to troubleshoot your RV furnace if it isn’t putting out any heat, please see our post, “My RV Furnace Fan Runs But There’s No Heat! Now, What?

How Do I Know If My RV Furnace Sail Switch is Bad?

If you turn up your thermostat and you hear the furnace turn on, go through its initial 15-second startup phase, and then either stop running altogether or continue blowing only cold air, you’ll have confirmed that it has attempted to light but hasn’t been successful in getting past the sail switch.

This can happen if your RV’s house batteries are too weak to spin the blower motor fast enough to create sufficient airflow for the sail switch to activate. This causes the furnace to blow cold air.

There’s also a system of fault lights on the control board (Ignition Control Diagnostics) to assist with troubleshooting. Your owner’s manual will give you the fault codes for your particular furnace, but in general, if the blower comes on and about 30 seconds later turns off on its own, and you see a single flash, it’s very likely that the sail switch is either dirty or needs to be replaced.

How Do I Test My RV Furnace Sail Switch?

You can test the sail switch with a multimeter set to ohms.

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AstroAI Multimeter Tester 2000 Counts Digital Multimeter with DC AC Voltmeter and Ohm Volt Amp Meter ; Measures Voltage, Current, Resistance; Tests Live Wire, Continuity
  • VERSATILE DIGITAL MULTIMETER - Accurately measures AC/DC Voltage, DC Current, Resistance, and Diode. This Multimeter is a really useful tool for...
  • TROUBLESHOOTING WITH ACCURACY - This Multimeter has a sampling speed of 2 times per second; Built-in a backlight LCD display with 3 ½ digits (1999...

You’ll want to close/trigger the sail switch by hand, and then attach the red and black leads of your multimeter to each of the two connections on the switch. The multimeter will read “OL” (open line) while the sail switch is open. Close it by hand and then take your reading. If your sail switch is good, then with the circuit closed you’ll have a reading of between 0.0 – 0.2 ohms.

Remember that the sail switch is essentially an opening in the electrical circuit. In order to allow current to pass through it, the switch needs to close to complete the circuit. So, that’s what you’re doing when you close the circuit by hand in order to test it.

Can I Clean My RV Furnace Sail Switch?

Yes, you can. Dust, animal hair, bug nests, or other debris can collect on a sail switch making it incapable of doing its job. If you find you have a dirty sail switch, cleaning it may be all you need to get your furnace working again. However, it’s not a bad idea to keep an extra sail switch on hand in case yours needs to be replaced, particularly if you use your RV in very cold weather.

Can I Replace My RV Furnace Sail Switch Myself?

Yes, you can! Once you’ve located and removed the sail switch, it’s not difficult to replace it. As always, we suggest taking a photo before removing any wires so that you’ve got something to fall back on if you need it.

Though not related to the function of the sail switch, you may also want to consider the easy installation of screens on the furnace vents on the outside of your RV to prevent things like mud daubers from building nests, etc., and dust, dirt, and debris from collecting. They can really make a world of difference.

Our vents take these covers, but you can also buy a set of a variety of screen covers for your rig.

Sale
JCJ ENTERPR JCJ M-300 Mud Dauber Screen for RV Furnace Outside Fitting
  • Product Type :Auto Accessory
  • Package Dimensions :9.5" L X8.5" W X1.5" H
RV Furnace Vent Screen for RV Water Heater Vent Cover, RV Bugs Screen, Flying Insect Screen, Stainless Steel Mesh with Installation Tool
  • 【Package Include】: 1x RV Water Heater Screen( 8.5''x 6''x1.3''), 1x RV Water Heater Screen (4.5" x 4.5" x 1.3") , 2 x RV Furance Screen( 2.8" x...
  • 【RV Insect Screen 8.5" x 6" x 1.3"】 : Compatible with Atw-ood 6 & 10 Gallon and Sub-urban 6 Gallon water heater vents. Easy to install: It comes...

Have You Ever Replaced Your RV Furnace’s Sail Switch?

So tell us – have you ever found yourself with a failed RV furnace sail switch that required either cleaning or replacement? We’d love to hear about your experience.

And again – if you’re in a situation where your furnace is running but isn’t providing any heat, check out this post where we cover a variety of troubleshooting issues for RV furnaces.

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Patty Canady

Sunday 14th of January 2024

Domestic thermostat inside temperature reads 32 degrees on heat but thermostat readers 71 or higher. False inside reading so heater doesn’t cut off

Kevin

Wednesday 24th of April 2024

@Patty Canady, it’s probably on Celsius. To change from Celsius to Fahrenheit hold both arrow buttons at the same time.

TheRVgeeks

Monday 15th of January 2024

Hmmm, sorry to hear about that Patty. Dometic has made a couple of different thermostats over the years, but if you can identify the model... Google for "Dometic XXX Thermostat Reset" to find the reset procedure, which might solve the problem.

If that doesn't do it, then it's possible that the temp sensor has failed. If you have a remote sensor (usually on a wall or up underneath a cabinet... behind a small plastic dome with holes in it), that may need to be replaced. If not, the whole thermostat may need to be replaced (there's a sensor in there, too).

Matt

Monday 18th of September 2023

2017 Heartland Mallard M28. Furnace works with shore power but not 12v. Fan kicks on but won't igniye. Batteries are fully charged and everything else works on 12V.

TheRVgeeks

Monday 18th of September 2023

@Matt,

If it's working on shore power but not when disconnected, it sounds like your battery(ies) may be old and weak (have they ever been replaced?). The reason we say this is that it works when connected to shore power and the onboard converter/charger is supplying the 12V power.

When not connected to shore power, the battery is the only power source... and if it's weak, then it may not have enough juice for the furnace's blower fan to blow fast/hard enough to keep the sail switch activated. That switch (as described above) is designed to ensure that the blower fan (which blows the heated air into the RV as well as blowing exhaust gases OUT of the RV) is running properly BEFORE the electronics call for the propane to ignite.

The fact that you said that on battery the blower fan kicks on, but the ignition doesn't happen is the clue.

We also bet that the blower fan sounds different (i.e. slower) when running just on battery -vs- when shore power is supplied.

Dany Grondin

Tuesday 1st of August 2023

Hi, I've been searching for a long-awaited answer that no one has provided yet. I'm aware that the 12v power to the Suburban NT-16SQ heater goes through the Dometic heat pump first. However, I've noticed a clicking noise (20-40 clicks) coming from the Penguin II before each new heater start. Do you have any idea what could be causing this?

TheRVgeeks

Tuesday 1st of August 2023

Hi @Dany Grondin. We haven't experienced that exact situation, but doing some Google searching yielded some threads on an RV owners forum that may be the issue. From what others have experienced, it may be an issue with your thermostat. You can try resetting it (instructions are available in your Dometic owners manual... or if you have a single zone Dometic thermostat they're on this thread here: https://www.forestriverforums.com/forums/f24/click-sound-before-heat-kicks-on-2014-forest-river-119431.html#post1478504). If resetting the thermostat and/or increasing the temperature differential setting doesn't work, you may need to replace the thermostat (at which point you may want to consider upgrading to a Micro-Air EasyTouch smart thermostat for added functionality).

Jim

Sunday 19th of February 2023

During the fall of 2021 we had taken our first trip in our new to us 2015 Fleetwood Southwind. We hail from the Calgary Alberta region and landed in South Surrey BC next to the USA border because (Due to Canadian Covid Laws) we could import our RV to the USA and fly across to meet it. (Crazy I know but this post isn’t about that). We waited for two days to do the export/import and sure enough the Sail Switch went. It was late October, cold and rainy. Hoping it was just dirty, we had cleaned the switch back home earlier as it quit there too. Now we needed one. Short part: We found a switch at a RV Supplier and replaced it. We are in our second winter of SnowBirding with this rig and all is good. Keep an eye on it and be prepared as it always seems they go at the worst of times! :)

TheRVgeeks

Sunday 19th of February 2023

Glad you got that fixed, Jim! As fellow Canucks, we also appreciate a working RV furnace... and snowbirding!????

Karen Klopich

Thursday 20th of October 2022

Can you post a picture where my sail.switch would be. not Schematics .it's Dometic

TheRVgeeks

Friday 21st of October 2022

Hi Karen. Sorry... we can't send a picture as we don't have that make/model furnace. But check out this video, which may be of help: https://youtu.be/C4YpqqB1UTk

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